Saturday, May 23, 2020
In Whit Stillman's Metropolitan two of his characters, Audrey and Tom, resume an earlier discussion about Jane Austen:
"I read that Lionel Trilling essay you mentioned. You really like Trilling?"
"I think he's very strange. He says that nobody could like the heroine of Mansfield Park? I like her. Then he goes on and on about how we modern people of today with our modern attitudes bitterly resent Mansfield Park because its heroine is virtuous? What's wrong with a novel having a virtuous heroine?"
"His point is that the novel's premise--that there's something immoral about a group of young people putting on a play--is simply absurd."
"You found Fanny Price unlikeable?"
"She sounds pretty unbearable, but I haven't read the book."
"You don't have to have read a book to have an opinion on it. I haven't read the Bible, either."
"What Jane Austen novels have you read?"
"None. I don't read novels. I prefer good literary criticism. That way you get both the novelist's ideas as well as the critics' thinking."
It's hard to remember how, a couple of years ago, the political world was on the edge of its seat waiting for the release of Mr. Mueller's report. When finished, it went first to Attorney General Barr. After a few days with it he released his four-page "summary." The President then spent the next few weeks proclaiming his two-word summary: "Total exoneration!"
Finally the report, in a heavily redacted form, was released. And then a curious thing happened: no one read it. OK, that's not literally true. A few people read it. A vanishingly small percentage of the American electorate. And it put me in mind of Tom, for whom reading good literary criticism was sufficient to excuse him from reading novels.
Those of us who did read it found it slow-going, hundreds of pages that might have been written by Sgt. Joe Friday. Facts, dates, places, supported by footnotes referring to documents and sworn testimony, followed by extensively-cited legal and policy analysis, compiled by a dour, twice-decorated Marine combat veteran and lifelong Republican.
The fact that Mr. Barr and his boss are now hinting at prosecuting those whose first inquires led to the "Russia hoax" suggests that perhaps they are confident that the report's account of the shameful conduct of the last presidential election can now be not only denied, but discredited.
But The Mueller Report is still out there. Yes it's still heavily redacted (just this week, after a federal Court of Appeals ordered the DOJ to finally provide the deleted material to Congress, the Supreme Court stayed the order). But even without the redacted material it's a powerful and damning document--if anyone bothers to read it.
So I won't summarize it. There's been enough summarizing. There's no need for you to rely on good criticism. As we enter the next presidential electoral season, you ought to read it yourself.
"What's wrong with a novel having a virtuous heroine?"
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The Last Three Stanzas of John Dryden's Imitation of the Twenty-Ninth Ode from the Third Book of the Odes of Horace
He, who can call today his own;
He who, secure within, can say:
"Tomorrow do thy worst, for I have lived today.
Be fair, or foul, or rain, or shine,
The joys I have possessed, in spite of fate, are mine.
Not Heav'n itself upon the past has pow'r;
But what has been, has been, and I have had my hour"
Fortune, that with malicious joy
Does man her slave oppress,
Proud of her office to destroy,
Is seldom pleased to bless:
Still various, and unconstant still,
But with an inclination to be ill,
Promotes, degrades, delights in strife,
And makes a lottery of life.
I can enjoy her while she's kind;
But when she dances in the wind,
And shakes her wings, and will not stay,
I puff the prostitute away:
The little or the much she gave me is quietly resigned:
Content with poverty, my soul I arm;
And virtue, though in rags, will keep me warm.
What is't to me,
Who never sail in her unfaithful sea,
If storms arise, and clouds grow black;
If the mast split, and threaten wreck?
Then let the greedy merchant fear
For his ill-gotten gain;
and pray to gods that will not hear,
While the debating winds and willows bear
His wealth into the main.
For me, secure from Fortune's blows,
(Secure of what I cannot lose,)
In my small pinnance I can sail,
Contemning all the blust'ring roar;
And running with a merry gale,
With friendly stars my safety seek,
Within some little winding creek:
And see the storm ashore.
And for those who may prefer the original, from the first Augustan age:
...ille potens sui
laetusque deget, cui licet in diem
dixisse "vixi: cras vel atra
nube polum Pater occupato
vel sole puro; non tamen irritum,
quodcumque retro est, efficiet neque
diffenget infactumque reddet,
quod fugiens semel hora vexit."
Fortuna saevo laeta negotio et
ludum insolentem ludere pertinax
transmutat incertos honores,
nunc mihi, nunc alii benigna.
laudo manentem; si celeris quatit
penna, resigno quae dedit et mea
virtute me involvo probamque
pauperiem sine dote quaero.
non est meum, si mugiat Africis
malus procellis, ad miseras preces
decurrere et votis pacisci
ne Cypriae Tyriaeque merces
addant avaro divitias mari.
tunc me biremis praesidio scaphae
tutum per Aegaeos tumultus
aura ferret geminusque Pollux.